Theodore Payne California Native Plant Database




High Elevations

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High elevations have present unique cultural needs for plants. Most importantly, plants at higher altitudes need to withstand snow and extended periods of cold. The following selections are uniquely adapted to life at higher altitudes.

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Trees
Abies concolor, White Fir to 10,000'
Calocedrus decurrens, Incense Cedar to 8,200'
Cercis occidentalis, Western Redbud P to 5,000' (best with winter chill below 28°)
Chamaecyparis lawsoniana, Port Orford Cedar to 6.000’
Chilopsis linearis, Desert Willow P/W to 5,000’ (high desert; tolerates 10°)
Cupressus arizonica ssp. nevadensis, Nevada Cypress to 6,000’
Lithocarpus densiflorus, Tanbark Oak to 6,000’
Pinus coulteri, Coulter Pine to 7,000’
Pinus jeffreyi, Jeffrey Pine to 9,000’
Pinus ponderosa, Ponderosa Pine to 8,500’
Platanus racemosa, Western Sycamore to 6,500’
Pseudotsuga menziesii, Douglas Fir to 6,500’
Quercus chrysolepis, Canyon Live Oak to 7,800’
Quercus kelloggii, California Black Oak to 8,000’
Quercus garryana var. garryana, Oregon Oak to 6,000’
Salix lasiolepis, Arroyo Willow to 7,500’
Sequoiadendron giganteum, Giant Sequoia to 8,900’
Thuja plicata 'Emerald Cone', Canoe Cedar to 6,000’
SHRUBS
Amelanchier pallida, Western Serviceberry to 11,000’
Ceanothus cuneatus, Buckbrush B to 6,000’
Cercocarpus betuloides var. betuloides, Mountain Mahogany W to 6.500’
Cercocarpus ledifolius, Desert Mountain Mahogany W to 10,500’ (high desert)
Cowania mexicana, Cliffrose W to 8,500’ (high desert)
Dendromecon rigida, Bush Poppy Y to 5,500’
Epilobium canum ssp. latifolium,, California Mountain Fuchsia R to 10,000’
Ericameria laricifolia, Turpentine Brush Y to 6,000’
Eriogonum umbellatum var. umbellatum, Sulfur Flowered Buckwheat and other subspecies and cultivars Y to 9,000’
Fallugia paradoxa, Apache Plume to 8,000’ (high desert)
Keckiella breviflora, Bush Penstemon W/P to 8,000’
Potentilla fruticosa, Shrubby Cinquefoil Y to 12,000’
Rhamnus californica, Coffeeberry P to 7,000’
Rhododendron occidentale, Western Azalea W to 7,500’
Ribes menziesii and Ribes nevadense, Currant(s) P to 9,000’
Rosa californica and Rosa gymnocarpa, Roses P to 6,000’
Salvia apiana, White Sage V/W to 5,000’(hardy to 20° or less)
Spiraea douglasii, Douglas Spiraea W to 6,000’
Yucca whipplei ssp. whipplei, Our Lord’s Candle to 7,500’
WILDFLOWERS (ANNUALS AND PERENNIALS)
Achillea millefolium, Yarrow P, R, W to 10,000’
Aquilegia formosa, Scarlet Columbine R to 10,000’
Erysimum capitatum ssp. capitatum, Western Wallflower Y to 8,000’- 12,000’
Eschscholzia californica, California Poppy to 6,000’
Iris innominata, Del Norte County Iris Y to 6,000’

Helenium bigelovii, Bigelow's Sneezeweed Y</td>

to 8,500’
Lilium pardalinum ssp. pardalinum and Lilium lemonii, Lilies O, R, Y to 9,000’
Linum lewisii, Blue Flax B to 10,000’
Mentha arvensis, Field Mint V/W to 7,500’
Mimulus cardinalis, Scarlet Monkey Flower R to 7,500’
Mimulus guttatus, Creek Monkey Flower to 7,500’
Oenothera elata ssp. hookeri, Hooker’s Evening Primrose Y to 9,500’
Penstemon davidsonii, Penstemon grinnellii var. grinnellii and Penstemon heterodoxus to 12,000’
Thalictrum fendleri, Mountain Meadow Rue G/W to 9,500’
GRASSES
Bouteloua gracilis, Blue Grama to 8,000’
Muhlenbergia rigens, Deer Grass to 7,000’
Sporobolus airoides, Alkali Sakaton to 6,500’
WATER-LOVING PLANTS
SEDGES
Carex amplifolia to 7,200’
Carex pachystachya to 10,500’
Carex praegracilis to 8,100’
RUSHES
Juncus patens, Spreading Rush to 4,800’
Juncus xiphoides, Wiregrass to 6,300’
HORSETAIL
Equisetum hyemale ssp. affine, Horsetail to 9,000’
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