Theodore Payne California Native Plant Database




Rosa californica

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Rosa californica
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Rosa californica
Rosa californica
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Rosa californica
Rosa californica
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Rosa californica

Species Name: Rosa californica
Common Name: California Wild Rose

Fragrant pink rose flowers, large hips make wonderful tea. Excellent wildlife value.Spreads by rhizomes, can be invasive.

Plant Family: Rosaceae
Plant Type: Shrub
Height by Width: 5' H x spreading
Growth Habit: Spreads by rhizomes, forms thicket
Deciduous/Evergreen: Winter deciduous
Growth Rate: Moderate
Sun Exposure: Coast: full sun; Inland:part shade
Soil Preference: Adaptable
Water Requirements: Drought-tolerant to moderate
Cold Hardy to: 4,800'
Flower Season: Spring/Summer
Flower Color: Pink
Endangered?: Not listed
Distribution: Throughout California Floristic Province except for the High Cascade Range and the High Sierra Nevada
Natural Habitat: Generally moist areas, especially streambanks, below 4,800'

Image:songbird_iconA.jpg Image:oak_iconA.jpg Image:butterfly_iconA.jpg Image:clay_iconA.jpg Image:fragrant_iconA.jpg Image:slope_iconA.jpg


Care and Maintenance


History
  • Introduced into cultivation in California by Theodore Payne.
  • From California Native Plants, Theodore Payne's 1941 catalog: "A rather small shrub sending up many branches from the ground soon forming a large clump. produces many delicate pink fragrant blossoms in late spring and early summer. Prefers moist ground and will grow in full sun or partial shade. This rose should be planted not alone for the beauty and fragrance of its blossoms, but also for the romance surrounding it. When the brown-robed padres tramped northward from San Diego, it is said they came upon this wild rose in bloom along the wayside. It reminded them of old Spain and they exclaimed with joy, 'Wild roses like the roses of Castile.' Gallon cans, 50c; 5 gallon cans, $1.75."
Other Names
References
  • Bornstein, Carol, David Fross, and Bart O'Brien. California Native Plants for the Garden. Los Olivos, CA: Cachuma Press. 2005.
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