Pinus coulteri

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Species Name: Pinus coulteri
Common Name: Coulter Pine

Heat, drought, smog, and wind tolerant. Prefers dry, harsh south facing slopes. Common in local mountains above 4,000'. Good at any elevation. Has the largest and heaviest cone of any pine in the world.

Plant Family: Pinaceae
Plant Type: Tree
Height by Width: 80' H x 40' W
Growth Habit: Open and spreading
Deciduous/Evergreen: Evergreen
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Sun Exposure: Full sun
Soil Preference: Clay
Water Requirements: Drought-tolerant to occasional
Cold Hardy to: 15 degrees F
Flower Season: Cones
Flower Color: Cones
Endangered?: Not Listed
Distribution: Central West, Southwest, and Northen Baja
Natural Habitat: Chaparral, lower mixed conifer forest, slopes, ridges from 4-9,000'

Songbird iconA.jpg Clay iconA.jpg Fragrant iconA.jpg Slope iconA.jpg

Care and Maintenance

  • From California Native Plants, Theodore Payne's 1941 catalog: "A beautiful tree of perfect proportions being full and compact in growth with roundish pointed head and thick gray green foliage. Excellent for dry locations but of rather slow growth. Gallon cans, 50c; 5 gallon cans, $1.75."
Other Names
  • Bornstein, Carol, David Fross, and Bart O'Brien. California Native Plants for the Garden. Los Olivos, CA: Cachuma Press. 2005.