Pinus monophylla

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Species Name: Pinus monophylla
Common Name: Single-leaf Pinyon

Beautifully shaped, smaller pine common in the Great Basin. Edible pine nuts. Slow growing, but very drought-tolerant. Does well in rocky soils. Excellent for wildlife, especially birds.

Plant Family: Pinaceae
Plant Type: Tree
Height by Width: 10-30' H x 10-20' W
Growth Habit: Upright, dense, mult-trunked
Deciduous/Evergreen: Evergreen
Growth Rate: Slow
Sun Exposure: Full sun
Soil Preference: Well-draining
Water Requirements: Drought-tolerant to occasional
Cold Hardy to: 15 degrees F
Flower Season: Cones
Flower Color: Cones
Endangered?: Not Listed
Distribution: Central/South/ Eastern High Sierra Nevada, Tehachapi, South East- Inner South Coast Ranges, Transverse Range, Peninsular Range, Desert Mtns, Northern Baja
Natural Habitat: Dry, rocky slopes in Pinyon/Juniper woodland from 3500-9000'

Songbird iconA.jpg Oak iconA.jpg Fragrant iconA.jpg Slope iconA.jpg Container iconA.jpg

Care and Maintenance

  • Introduced into cultivation in California by Theodore Payne.
  • From California Native Plants, Theodore Payne's 1941 catalog: "A very handsome low growing pine of compact habit especially desirable for its rich glaucous foliage. The needles come one in a place and are 1 1/2 to 2 inches long. Gallon cans, 50c."
Other Names
  • Bornstein, Carol, David Fross, and Bart O'Brien. California Native Plants for the Garden. Los Olivos, CA: Cachuma Press. 2005.
  • Harlow, Nora and Kristin Jakob. Wild Lilies, Irises, and Grasses: Gardening with California Monocots. Berkely and Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press. 2003.