Washingtonia filifera

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Species Name: Washingtonia filifera
Common Name: California Fan Palm

California's only native palm tree; Highly prized and planted in urban areas throughout the world. Uncommon in nature.

Plant Family: Arecaceae
Plant Type: Tree
Height by Width: 66'h x 10'w
Growth Habit: Tall, upright, erect
Deciduous/Evergreen: Evergreen
Growth Rate: Fast
Sun Exposure: Sun
Soil Preference: Sand to clay
Water Requirements: Semi-moist
Cold Hardy to: 15 degrees F
Flower Season: Spring
Flower Color: White
Endangered?: Not Listed
Distribution: Sonoran Desert, Northern Baja
Natural Habitat: Groves, moist places, seeps, springs, streamsides below 4000'

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Care and Maintenance

  • From California Native Plants, Theodore Payne's 1941 catalog: "The well known palm found in Palm Canyon, and other spots bordering on the Colorado Desert. Grows to a large size, most effective when planted in groups. Gallon cans, 50c; 5 gallon cans, $1.75."
Other Names
  • Bornstein, Carol, David Fross, and Bart O'Brien. California Native Plants for the Garden. Los Olivos, CA: Cachuma Press. 2005.
  • Harlow, Nora and Kristin Jakob. Wild Lilies, Irises, and Grasses: Gardening with California Monocots. Berkely and Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press. 2003.